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Mochishop Jewellery and Gemstones Encyclopedia

Mochishop Jewellery and Gemstones Encyclopedia
Mochishop Jewellery and Gemstones Encyclopedia is a live encyclopedia containing many useful articles and resources about jewellery and gemstones. The content of this encyclopedia will be updated regularly so that all jewellery makers, enthusiasts an
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Articles

Jewellery and Gems: Andamooka Opal
2008-02-28 21:23:00
The Andamooka Opal is a white opal cabochon weighing 203 carats. It was cut from a stone found in Andamooka, Australia, 1949. In 1954, the government of South Australia presented the Andamooka Opal to Queen Elizabeth II.
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Jewellery and Gems: Andamooka Opal
2008-02-28 21:23:00
The Andamooka Opal is a white opal cabochon weighing 203 carats. It was cut from a stone found in Andamooka, Australia, 1949. In 1954, the government of South Australia presented the Andamooka Opal to Queen Elizabeth II.
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Jewellery and Gems: Andalusite
2007-12-22 19:15:00
Andalusite is a mineral of various colours. When green or reddish-green it is used as a gem stone. It possesses a dichroism similar to alexandrite, though andalusite is distinguishable from alexandrite as the former's green light is unaffected by artificial light.The name andalusite is derived from Andalucia, Spain, where it was originally discovered.
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Jewellery and Gems: Andalusite
2007-12-22 19:15:00
Andalusite is a mineral of various colours. When green or reddish-green it is used as a gem stone. It possesses a dichroism similar to alexandrite, though andalusite is distinguishable from alexandrite as the former's green light is unaffected by artificial light.The name andalusite is derived from Andalucia, Spain, where it was originally discovered.
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Jewellery and Gems: Anatase
2007-12-22 19:06:00
Alternatively known as octohedrite, anatase is a transparent brown or opaque blue gem stone. It is a form of titanium dioxide along with rutile and brookite.
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Jewellery and Gems: Anatase
2007-12-22 19:06:00
Alternatively known as octohedrite, anatase is a transparent brown or opaque blue gem stone. It is a form of titanium dioxide along with rutile and brookite.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amulet
2007-12-22 13:51:00
An amulet is any object - and often an item of jewellery or a gem stone - believed to possess magical or supernatural qualities that bestow good luck upon the wearer, or ward away evil or illness.Historically, amulets have played a part in Ancient Chinese culture in the form of jade amulets, notably during the Shang-Yin Dynasty (c. 1766-1122 BC) . Such amulets often depicted animals.The ancient Egyptians incorporated deities into their amulets, such as the ibis-headed Thoth.After the Buddha's death (c. 485 BC), Buddhist amulets were worn, often fashioned from conch shells. The Romans wore amulets in finger rings.Today amulets are still worn, though magical or supernatural significance may be less relevant and the amulets supposed powers exist in name only, e.g., charm bracelets.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amulet
2007-12-22 13:51:00
An amulet is any object - and often an item of jewellery or a gem stone - believed to possess magical or supernatural qualities that bestow good luck upon the wearer, or ward away evil or illness.Historically, amulets have played a part in Ancient Chinese culture in the form of jade amulets, notably during the Shang-Yin Dynasty (c. 1766-1122 BC) . Such amulets often depicted animals.The ancient Egyptians incorporated deities into their amulets, such as the ibis-headed Thoth.After the Buddha's death (c. 485 BC), Buddhist amulets were worn, often fashioned from conch shells. The Romans wore amulets in finger rings.Today amulets are still worn, though magical or supernatural significance may be less relevant and the amulets supposed powers exist in name only, e.g., charm bracelets.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amorphous
2007-12-20 21:13:00
Amorphous solids are those with no definite order of atoms - that is, no crystalline structure.Glasses are amorphous. The glass obsidian, for example, is volcanic lava which has cooled too quickly for a crystalline structure to form. The gem stone opal is also amorphous.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amorphous
2007-12-20 21:13:00
Amorphous solids are those with no definite order of atoms - that is, no crystalline structure.Glasses are amorphous. The glass obsidian, for example, is volcanic lava which has cooled too quickly for a crystalline structure to form. The gem stone opal is also amorphous.
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Jewellery and Gems: Ammonite
2007-12-20 21:07:00
Ammonites are an extinct class of mollusc which existed 150,000,000 years ago. In the 19th Century, especially in England where they were found in abundance in Dorset, ammonites were used as mountings in gold, silver or jet and worn as brooches.In medieval Europe ammonites were erroneously considered to be petrified snakes and were known as snakestone.
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Jewellery and Gems: Ammonite
2007-12-20 21:07:00
Ammonites are an extinct class of mollusc which existed 150,000,000 years ago. In the 19th Century, especially in England where they were found in abundance in Dorset, ammonites were used as mountings in gold, silver or jet and worn as brooches.In medieval Europe ammonites were erroneously considered to be petrified snakes and were known as snakestone.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amethyst Quartz
2007-12-20 21:01:00
Amethyst quartz is a variety of amethyst that has inclusions of quartz or agate. These inclusions give the stone a banded appearance - i.e., from the alternating bands of amethyst and quartz/agate.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amethyst Quartz
2007-12-20 21:01:00
Amethyst quartz is a variety of amethyst that has inclusions of quartz or agate. These inclusions give the stone a banded appearance - i.e., from the alternating bands of amethyst and quartz/agate.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amethyst
2007-12-20 19:40:00
Amethyst is a transparent gem stone which belongs to the crystalline quartz family (as opposed to the microcrystalline quartz family).Typically amethyst are purple in colour and range from pale violet to lavender. A deep, rich colour is usually more expensive than a pallid colour. However, if the stone is too dark - i.e., approaching black - it loses its desirability.Formerly, amethyst was considered to be a cardinal gemstone (along with diamond, emerald, ruby and sapphire) due to its then rarity. Now that it is mined in abundance it has lost its cardinal status.The most superior amethyst is considered to be Siberian amethyst as it is an intense violet colour which displays a reddish tinge in unnatural light. NB. Siberian amethyst is not necessarily from Siberia as it can be found in other localities e.g., Zambia.Amethyst, in general, is also found in Austria, Brazil, Canada, South Korean and the United States. Much of the amethyst from the United States but is seldom suitable f...
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Jewellery and Gems: Amethyst
2007-12-20 19:40:00
Amethyst is a transparent gem stone which belongs to the crystalline quartz family (as opposed to the microcrystalline quartz family).Typically amethyst are purple in colour and range from pale violet to lavender. A deep, rich colour is usually more expensive than a pallid colour. However, if the stone is too dark - i.e., approaching black - it loses its desirability.Formerly, amethyst was considered to be a cardinal gemstone (along with diamond, emerald, ruby and sapphire) due to its then rarity. Now that it is mined in abundance it has lost its cardinal status.The most superior amethyst is considered to be Siberian amethyst as it is an intense violet colour which displays a reddish tinge in unnatural light. NB. Siberian amethyst is not necessarily from Siberia as it can be found in other localities e.g., Zambia.Amethyst, in general, is also found in Austria, Brazil, Canada, South Korean and the United States. Much of the amethyst from the United States but is seldom suitable f...
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Jewellery and Gems: American Ruby
2007-12-20 16:50:00
American ruby is not actually ruby but a misnomer for pyrope garnet.
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Jewellery and Gems: American Ruby
2007-12-20 16:50:00
American ruby is not actually ruby but a misnomer for pyrope garnet.
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Jewellery and Gems: American jade
2007-12-20 16:46:00
American jade is not actually jade but a misnomer for californite.
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Jewellery and Gems: American jade
2007-12-20 16:46:00
American jade is not actually jade but a misnomer for californite.
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Jewellery and Gems: American Brilliant Cut
2007-12-20 16:34:00
The American brilliant cut is a variation on the brilliant cut of a diamond. In the American brilliant cut, the width of the table is reduced to one third of the stone. The height of the crown is circa two-thirds of the pavilion.In contrast to the brilliant cut, eight small facets are added to the crown giving a grand total of 40 facets on the crown.The mathematician Marcel Tolkowsky theorised that the American brilliant cut is the ideal cut to maximise brilliance at the expense of lost weight.
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Jewellery and Gems: American Brilliant Cut
2007-12-20 16:34:00
The American brilliant cut is a variation on the brilliant cut of a diamond. In the American brilliant cut, the width of the table is reduced to one third of the stone. The height of the crown is circa two-thirds of the pavilion.In contrast to the brilliant cut, eight small facets are added to the crown giving a grand total of 40 facets on the crown.The mathematician Marcel Tolkowsky theorised that the American brilliant cut is the ideal cut to maximise brilliance at the expense of lost weight.
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Jewellery and Gems: Ambroid
2007-12-20 16:24:00
Ambroid is a composite of fragments of real amber. It is a reconstructed stone whereby small pieces of amber are fused together under pressure to make a new amber stone that resembles natural amber.It is denser than natural amber and usually contains bubbles in the fusion lines.
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Jewellery and Gems: Ambroid
2007-12-20 16:24:00
Ambroid is a composite of fragments of real amber. It is a reconstructed stone whereby small pieces of amber are fused together under pressure to make a new amber stone that resembles natural amber.It is denser than natural amber and usually contains bubbles in the fusion lines.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amberine
2007-12-20 16:18:00
Amberine is a yellowish-green type of moss agate. It is not a form of amber.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amberine
2007-12-20 16:18:00
Amberine is a yellowish-green type of moss agate. It is not a form of amber.
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Jewellery and Gems: Ambergris
2007-12-20 16:10:00
Ambergris is a secretion from the sperm whales intestines. The substance is entirely unrelated to amber.Ambergris is seldom used in modern jewellery making, though was a feature of jewellery and decoration during the European Renaissance.
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Jewellery and Gems: Ambergris
2007-12-20 16:10:00
Ambergris is a secretion from the sperm whales intestines. The substance is entirely unrelated to amber.Ambergris is seldom used in modern jewellery making, though was a feature of jewellery and decoration during the European Renaissance.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amber Opal
2007-12-20 15:49:00
Amber opal is a type of opal (not a type of amber). The opal has a brown tincture created by the presence iron oxide.
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Jewellery and Gems: Amber Opal
2007-12-20 15:49:00
Amber opal is a type of opal (not a type of amber). The opal has a brown tincture created by the presence iron oxide.
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